The New York attorney general filed a securities fraud lawsuit against British bank Barclays, accusing the firm of giving an unfair advantage to high-frequency traders in the US, while claiming to protect other clients from the HFTs. Its the highest profile case weve seen yet, according to Reuters, as a result of authorities attempts to make sure dealers arent ripping off investors in todays largely automated stock markets.
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At the same time, regulators are reporting concerns that banks are taking on more risk to pursue profit. A major bank regulator warned Wednesday that competition along with low interest rates and a slowly-growing economy is fueling riskier bank lending.
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency highlighted two areas specifically: Leveraged loans (described by the Wall Street Journal as high-yielding loans issued to more speculative borrowers) and indirect auto loans (where banks buy loans originated by car dealers). The report calls out erosion and loosening in underwriting standards, including an easing of lending standards in commercial loans.
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Chris Whalen, senior managing director in the financial institutions ratings group at Kroll Bond Rating Agency, rates banks and talks to us in the accompanying video about these concerns.
He says subprime auto loans since the crisis has been the one area of consumer finance that has really grown strongly, even as mortgage finance has declined in relative terms… If you can fog a mirror you can buy a car. (Heres the underbelly of strong auto sales, you might say.)
Weve heard that statement made in retrospect looking at the lending standards during the housing bubble. So is Whalen concerned this could be the next subprime crisis? Hes not raising alarm bells at this point.
According to him, to date the default rates on auto loans including subprime has not been that high, meanwhile off-balance sheet finance has been pretty much prohibited and there is less risk being taken by banks overall.
The OCC meanwhile, said it is worried about growing losses on auto loans, with average losses per vehicle having risen substantially in the past two years.” According to Experian, the average loss on a defaulted auto loan has risen to $8,500 in the first three months of the year, compared to $7,400 last year.
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Whalen says the trend with banks is indicative of Wall Streets desire to create assets and sell them because banks want to do business. So theyve been securitizing auto loans (and also junk bonds) because they arent securitizing other things anymore.
The bigger issue he points to is that the Fed is pushing investors and banks to take more risk with low rates in a search for yield, but then on the other side the regulators try to move to curb the risk being taken.
The OCC also warns about deposits, and that rising interest rates could affect core deposits at banks in ways that they arent prepared for. Check out the video to see what Whalen thinks about that.
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